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The Causes of Violent Inter-Religious Conflict and Its Effects on Residential Relationships in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

Violent conflict in Nigeria, like other parts of the world, has created a rift in human relations, among many other effects. Conflict is inevitable as long as we live together, especially in a multi-ethnic, cultural and religious community. However violence leaves us with various forms of retardation and underdevelopment resulting from the destruction of lives and property. The menaces of violent conflict have been on the increase in some Northern Nigerian cities in the last two decades. Most of these conflicts are generally regarded as ethno-religious bigotry and antagonism. Jos, the capital city of Plateau State, Nigeria, has experienced spates of sporadic violent conflicts since 1994.

The research findings revealed that although the conflicts in Jos are largely struggles over economic and political control of Jos, between the Hausa-Fulani settlers, predominantly Muslims, and the indigenous Afizere, Anaguta and Berom, predominantly Christians, religion and ethnic labels are used to manipulate, organise and control the conflicting parties. These have pitched Christians and Muslims against each other. The conflict has had devastating effects on inter-group relationships. Apart from the loss of lives and property, it has profound influence on residential relationships, leading to new trends in the polarisation of communities. This is evident in a physical manifestation of mono religious areas in Jos city, with Christians and Muslims living in dominant religious clusters. The research conclusions draw attention to specific recommendations as a way of addressing the underlying issues to the conflicts, towards its resolution.

Kassam Basil Fukshiwe (2010)


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